Caesar Concatenation

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Given two strings str1 and str2 containing alphanumeric characters and a number N. The task is to form a new encrypted string which contains the string str1 with a Ceaser Encryption of N characters and the string str2 with a Ceaser Encryption of N characters at odd indices.

Example:

Input: str1 = “GeekforGeeks”, str2 = “Geeks123”, N = 4 Output: KiiojsvKiiowKeikw163 Explanation: Caesar Text for string str1 with a shift of 4 is “KiiojsvKiiow” Caesar Text for string str2 with a shift of 4 at all even indexes is “Keikw163” Resultant string is “KiiojsvKiiow” + “Keikw163” = “KiiojsvKiiowKeikw163”

Input: str1 = “ABcdE23”, str2 = “efda2w”, N = 9 Output: JKlmN12nfma1w Explanation: Caesar Text for string str1 with a shift of 9 is “JKlmN12” Caesar Text for string str2 with a shift of 9 at all even indexes is “nfma1w” Resultant string is “JKlmN12” + “nfma1w” = “JKlmN12nfma1w”

Approach: This problem is an application of Caesar Cipher in Cryptography. Below are the steps: The idea is to traverse the given string str1 and str2 and convert all the characters at every index of str1 and at even indexes of str2 by a shift of N on the basis of below 3 cases:

Case 1: If characters lies between ‘A’ and ‘Z’ then the current character is encrypted as:

new_character = ( (current_character - 65 + N) % 26 ) + 65;

Case 2: If characters lies between ‘a’ and ‘z’ then the current character is encrypted as:

new_character = ( (current_character - 97 + N) % 26 ) + 97;

Case 3: If characters lies between ‘A’ and ‘Z’ then the current character is encrypted as:

new_character = ( (current_character - 48 + N) % 10 ) + 48;

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

// C++ implementation of the above 
// approach 
#include <bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 

void printCaesarText(string str1, 
                     string str2, int N) 
{ 

    // Traverse the string str1 
    for (int i = 0; str1[i]; i++) { 

        // Current character 
        char ch = str1[i]; 

        // Case 1: 
        if (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z') { 
            str1[i] = (ch - 65 + N) % 26 + 65; 
        } 

        // Case 2: 
        else if (ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z') { 
            str1[i] = (ch - 97 + N) % 26 + 97; 
        } 

        // Case 3: 
        else if (ch >= '0' && ch <= '9') { 
            str1[i] = (ch - 48 + N) % 10 + 48; 
        } 
    } 

    for (int i = 0; str2[i]; i++) { 

        // If current index is odd, then 
        // do nothing 
        if (i & 1) 
            continue; 

        // Current character 
        char ch = str2[i]; 

        // Case 1: 
        if (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z') { 
            str2[i] = (ch - 65 + N) % 26 + 65; 
        } 

        // Case 2: 
        else if (ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z') { 
            str2[i] = (ch - 97 + N) % 26 + 97; 
        } 

        // Case 3: 
        else if (ch >= '0' && ch <= '9') { 
            str2[i] = (ch - 48 + N) % 10 + 48; 
        } 
    } 

    // Print the concatenated strings 
    // str1 + str2 
    cout << str1 + str2; 
} 

// Driver Code 
int main() 
{ 

    string str1 = "GeekforGeeks"; 
    string str2 = "Geeks123"; 
    int N = 4; 

    printCaesarText(str1, str2, N); 

    return 0; 
}

Output:

KiiojsvKiiowKeikw163

Time Complexity: O(N + M), where N and M are the lengths of the two given string.

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